Joint reports

South Caspian Basin Project. Year 1

  • The executive companies: University of South Carolina, University of Utah, Geology Institute, Azerbaijan Research Institute of Geophysics
  • The year of publication: April 1995
  • Code: 95-02-448
  • Volumes: total 6
     volumes with appendixes in same amount: -


The overall objective of this study as determined by the Sponsors was to 1) document stratigraphic variations affecting the distribution of reservoir quality sediments + HC-rich source rocks through the analysis of seismic and well data, 2) determine the rock maturation characteristics and chemistry of oils and rocks and 3) construct log controlled cross-sections that correlate to regional seismic profiles. The items listed below were integrated to form final interpretations:

  • Tectonic and sediment transport overview
  • Regional Cross-sections
  • Seismic Profile Interpretation
  • Stratigraphic Columns
  • Reservoir Characterization Petrology/Petrography
    Formation Waters
    Clay Data
    Mineralogy of Reservoirs
  • Geochemistry of Rocks and Oil

    Of the 199 rock samples studed, 71 thin sections were cut for petrographic description and initial reservoir characterization. These samples were also used for biostratigraphic interpretations, source rock analysis, maturation and stable isotope work. The distribution of these samples - geographic and stratigraphic - is shown on maps, along with detailed tables of the data. A CD is included showing these thin sections. 85 oil samples were collected from wells and seeps and the distribution is noted in tables. These samples were used in several analytical procedures to attempt to categorize them into families and biomarker interpretations.

    Regional cross sections are included as enclosures to this report and regional stratigraphic interpretations made from log and seismic sections, although limited, are also included in this year study. An extensive bibliography has been accumulated.



    1.1 List of Figures (all volumes)
    1.2 List of Tables (all volumes)
    1.3 Appendix List
    1.4 List of Enclosures (all volumes)
    1.5 Acknowledgements
    1.6 Project Schedule
    1.7 Project Contributors
    1.8 Executive Summary
    1.9 Terminology


    2.1 Chapter 1. Tectonic Summary of the South Caspian
    2.1.1 Late Paleozoic
    2.1.2 Triassic
    2.1.3 Early Jurassic
    2.1.4 Middle-Late Jurassic
    2.1.5 Early Cretaceous
    2.1.6 Late Cretaceous
    2.7 Paleogene
    2.1.8 Miocene
    2.1.9 Pliocene-Pleistocene
    2.1.10 Quaternary
    2.1.11 Tectonic Setting
    2.1.12 Project Area
    2.1.13 Pricaspian-Kuba Area
    2.1.14 Shamaka-Gobustan Area
    2.1.15 Apsheron Area
    2.1.16 Lower Kura Area
    2.1.17 Baku Archipelago
    2.2 Chapter 2. Geophysics
    2.2.1 Seismic Cycles
    2.2.2 Seismic Acquisition Techniques
    2.2.3 Processing of Seismic Data
    2.2.4 Seismic Interpretation
    2.2.5 Results
    2.2.6 Seismic Terminology


    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Mesozoic
    3.3 Tertiary
    3.3.1 Paleocene
    3.3.2 Eocene
    3.3.3 Oligo-Miocene
    3.3.4 Mio-Pliocene
    3.3.5 Middle Pliocene (Productive Series)
    3.3.6 Upper Pliocene
    3.4 Quaternary
    3.4.1 Lower Apsheronian
    3.4.2 Middle Apsheronian
    3.4.3 Upper Apsheronian
    3.5 Summary


    4.1 Chapter 1. Source Rock Characterization
    4.1.1 Bulk Analysis
    • Total Organic Carbon (TOC)
    • Rock Eval Pyrolysis
    4.1.2 Chromatographic Analysis
    • Soxhlet Extraction
    • Gas Chromatography - Flame Ionization Detection (GC-FID)
    • Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS)
    4.1.3 Visual Kerogen Analysis
    • Sample Preparation
    • Kerogen Types and Depositional Environments
    • Biostratigraphic Age Determination
    4.1.4 Maturity Analysis
    • Reflected Light Microscopy
    • Transmitted Light Microscopy
    • Chemical Methods
    • Synthesis
    4.1.5 References

    4.2 Chapter 2. Crude Oil and Seep Characterization

    4.2.1 Bulk Analysis
    • Relative Density
    • Total Sulfur
    • Asphaltene Isolation, Column Chromatography and Carbon Isotopes
    4.2.2 Chromatographic Analysis
    • Gas Chromatography - Flame Ionization Detection (GC-FID)
    • Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS)
    4.2.3 Seep Characterization
    • Asphaltene Isolation and Pyrolysis
    • Chromatographic Analysis
    • Seep-Crude Oil - Source Rock Correlation
    4.2.4 Integrated Biomarker - Isotope Technique
    4.2.5 Oil - Source Rock Correlation
    4.2.6 Generation, Expulsion and Migration
    4.2.7 References
    4.2.8 Appendices
      4A1. Physical Rock Descriptions
      4A2. Vitrinite Reflectance Histograms
      4A3. Gas Chromatography - Flame Ionization Detection: Seeps (soluble Fraction)
      4A4. Historical Perspective of Geochemical Research in Azerbaijan
      4B1. Gas Chromatography - Flame Ionization Detection: Source Rock Extracts
      4B2. Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry, Source Rock Extracts: Steranes
      4C1. Gas Chromatography - Flame Ionization Detection: Crude Oils
      4C2. Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry, Crude Oils: Steranes
      4C3. Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry, Crude Oils: Terpanes
      4C4. Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry, Crude Oils: Various Compounds


    5.1 Chapter 1. Reservoir Geology
    5.1.1 Introduction
    5.1.2 Clay Mineralogy
    5.1.3 Mineralogy and Reservoir Properties of Middle Pliocene
    5.1.4 Petrology
    5.1.5 Formation Waters in Azerbaijan
    5.1.6 Apsheronian Oil and Gas Region
    5.1.7 Lower Kura Depression
    5.1.8 Baku Archipelago
    5.1.9 References
    5.1.10 Terminology
    5.2 Oil and Gas Fields
    5.2.1 Brief History of the Oil Industry in the South Caspian
    5.2.2 Project Area
    5.2.3 Apsheron Area
    5.2.4 Lower Kura Area
    5.2.5 Baku Archipelago
    5.2.6 Shamaka-Gobustan Trend
    5.2.7 Pricaspian-Kuba Area
    5.2.8 Depth of Production
    5.2.9 References


    6.1 References
    6.2 Appendix: Formation Water Mineralogy Histograms