Geology and Geochemistry of Mud-Volcano Ejecta, Azerbaijan


This report summarizes the results of a joijnt study between the Geology Institute of Azerbaijan and Exxon Ventures (CIS) Inc. The joint study investigated the geology of geochemistry of lithified ejecta brought to the surface by mud-volcanoes in the Gobustan area of Azerbaijan.

The main objectives of this study were to build a better understanding of the source rock depositional environmnets through the analysis of ejecta. These lithified rock fragments were analyzed in terms of their lithology, biostratigraphy, and organic geochemistry. Age-dated samples were placed in a regional and stratigraphic context.

Lithoclasts brought to the surface by erupting mud-volcanoes offer a unique opportunity to characterize the sedimentary section which is generally too deep to be sampled by conventional drilling. The mud-volcanoes in the Gobustan area of Azerbaijan are rooted within the Oligocene-Miocene section of the Maikop Formation. In the context of pertoleum exploration, the lithified rock fragments brought to the surface offer the following:

19.03.2011     Print  Print