Atlases and maps


Atlas of the world mud volcanoes (2015)




Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences
Institute of Geology and Geophysics


Project Manager, Chief Editor:
Academician Ak.A. Ali-zadeh

Editor:
Academician A.J. Ismail-zadeh

Authors:
Ad.A. Aliyev, I.S. Guliyev, F.H. Dadashov, R.R. Rahmanov

Performed by empoyees of "Mud volcanism" Department:
O.R. Abbasov, A.N. Mammadova, R.V. Akhundov, E.E. Baloglanov, A.R. Huseynov, A.R. Yagubov 

English text translated from Russian and edited by:
R.Sh. Azizbekov

ISBN 978-9952-437-60-7

© Publishing house "Nafta-Press", 2015


Analyzed the activities of mud volcanoes in 42 countries and in the deep areas of the Caspian, Black and Mediterranean seas located within the Alpine-Himalayan, Pacific and Central-Asian fold belts and rather passive continental margins. Given data on mud volcanoes include their morphological features, structural position and the ejecta geochemistry. The scientific results obtained earlier have been confirmed in global scale. In particular, that mud volcanism manifestation process is related to the geodynamic conditions and thermodynamic processes typical of cenozoic basins filled up with more than 15-20 km thick molassic complexes, certainly included the sediments of Paleogene to Miocene ages. More than 2500 investigated mud volcanoes of the world had been subdivided, according to classificatory gradation accepted in Azerbaijan, into the two genetically interconnected components: volcanoes and mud volcanic manifestations. 

On a level with a well-known mud volcanic provinces within convergent lithospheric plates, in the zones of accretionary prisms formation and slight tectonic tension in deepsea basins, there were distinguished the following old rivers fans: Mackenzie, Mississippi, Orinoco, Nile, Niger and others. The paragenetic relations of mud volcanoes with the zones of hydrocarbon formation in Eocene to Miocene and Pliocene sediments, revealed earlier, has been confirmed as well as their confinement mainly to the diapiric structures and mud volcanic activity relation with seismic events.      


CONTENTS

PREFACE
MUD VOLCANOES
HISTORICAL REVIEW OF MUD VOLCANOE INVESTIGATION
LEGEND


MUD VOLCANOES OF AZERBAIJAN

AZERBAIJAN AND SOUTH CASPIAN OFFSHORE AREA - A REGION OF MUD VOLCANOES MAXIMAL CONCENTRATION IN THE WORLD
  • Special features of mud volcanism development zones
  • Mud volcano formation conditions
  • Mud volcano eruptions and their some peculiarities
  • Seismicity effect on mud volcano activity
  • Geochemistry on mud volcano activity products
  • Isotopic characteristic of gases, waters, oil and mud volcano fluid sources
  • Mud volcanism and oil-gas content prediction in deep-seated sediments

MUD VOLCANOES DISTRIBUTION AREAS

Pre-Caspian - Guba region   
Shamakhy-Gobustan region
Absheron region
The Lower Kura region
Baku archipelago region
Caspian deep-sea zone


APPENDIX

Toponyms of mud volcanoes in Azerbaijan and offshore South Caspian
Aerial photo
Mud volcanoes - natural monuments, protected by the state
Lokbatan mud volcano in the list of the objects of the UNESCO World Heritage
Chronology and characetristics of recorded mud volcanic eruptions in Azerbaijan and the South Caspian during 1810-2014 
Volcanic mud - natural medical preparation


MUD VOLCANOES OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES

EASTERN HEMISPHERE

The Gulf of Cadiz, its Spanish-Morrocan and Portuguese margins
Western Mediterranean (Alboran Sea Spanish and Marrocan margins)
Central Mediterranean Sea (Calabrian Arc)
Eastern Mediterranean (coastal margins of Greece, Lybia and Turkey)
Italy
Albania
Egypt
Romania
Black Sea
Ukraine
Russia
Georgia
Turkmenistan
Iran
Pakistan
India
China
Japan
Myanmar
Indonesia and Papua-New Guinea
Malaysia, Brunei and the Phillipines
New Zealand
Nigeria
Republic of South Africa and Namibia


WESTERN HEMISPHERE

Canada
USA
Mexico
Costa Rica and Nicaragua
Panama
Colombia
Venezuela
Trinidad and Tobago
Barbados and Lesser Antilles margin
Ecuador
Peru
Antarctica


THE INVESTIGATION OF MUD VOLCANOES ARE BEING CONTINUED